At the time this article was written Glenn Hagel
was Speaker of the Saskatchewan Legislative Assembly.
Public cynicism about politics is a great concern to
many parliamentarians. To counter it, some legislatures have developed
"outreach programs" to explain how the parliamentary system works. In
this article the Speaker of the Saskatchewan Legislature outlines what is being
done in his province.
When considering whether to let my name stand for
Speaker the issue of public cynicism was very much on my mind. One reason I
decided to seek the office was because it offered an opportunity to do
something positive in this area.
The Speaker is recognized by the public as a neutral
official. Therefore, in speaking out in support of the system in a proactive
kind of way the Speaker is not seen as self-serving.
One of the important roles we play is to represent
the full Legislative Assembly. Usually we think of that as meaning we meet with
parliamentarians and diplomats from other parts of the country or other parts
of the world. But we also serve as diplomats with our own people.
Part of my platform, as I campaigned for Speaker and
met with each of the individual Members was to talk with them about what I saw
as a new role for the Speaker, at least in our province. I spoke about three objectives,
which have since become the formally stated objectives of my parliamentary
- To increase the understanding of parliamentary democracy and how it
- To increase the level of respect for the institution;
- To sow seeds of dreams for young people that to serve in public
office is an honourable career choice.
Once elected Speaker I wrote to all Members outlining
how this parliamentary outreach was going to happen, and how they were going to
be involved. I was not going there for them. I was going with them to their
constituencies, and they would be very much a part of this parliamentary
I decided we should direct our energies toward the
leaders of the future. Young people have not yet become cynical and soon will
be choosing to participate in public life. We worked with the Department of
Education to link our programme to the curriculum. The schools understood that
a visit by the Speaker was not entertainment. They were encouraged to prepare
for the visit and were supplied with materials and suggestions on how to
As I thought about this issue I came to the
conclusion that cynicism is an emotional as well as an intellectual problem. It
has to be attacked at both levels. I reflected on what were some of the forces
in my life and what caused me and other people to form goals. I remembered the
excitement of my first hockey sweater. Could not the Speaker's hat, suit and
robe, serve a similar purpose? When I meet students I invite them to try on the
Speaker's hat. I place it on their head, look into their eyes and say something
like, "How does it feel?, It might be yours some day?" Almost always
the answer to the question is positive. Of course it did not always have the
desired effect. One young student asked if I was a pirate? And there was the
reporter who asked, "when you dress like that, do you kind of feel like a
Generally, however, the programme has provoked
thinking about the future. Many students show a serious interest in our
parliamentary democracy and have suggested they are thinking of getting
involved. In the words of a student, "We were surprised to learn that MLAs
work for the government for the same reasons we work for the student
I try to explain that the reality of politics is not
shouting at people as they see in the media. Politics is more than what they
see in Question Period. My presentation always includes stories about the
historical role of the Speakers in establishing parliamentary democracy. I tell
my audience how easily they could kill democracy if they wanted to since
democracy requires both knowledge and participation. Its greatest enemies are
ignorance and apathy.
I also talk to students about considering politics as
a profession when thinking about their future. But I mention that if they are
looking for a job with short hours and high pay, where they spend lots of time
with their family, and where they get lots and lots of praise, forget it.
Politics has none of that. Sixty, seventy hours a week is normal. But even
though there is lots of hard work and long hours, it is a rewarding profession.
If they conclude that this job is for them, then I
encourage them to follow their dream. If they think about it, and conclude that
this an important job, but it is not for them, that too is okay. In that case,
I ask them to make a commitment to always be an informed participant in our
democracy. If they do that, if we all do that, I give them a guarantee that
Canada will continue to be the number one nation in which to live.
l: am usually asked some common questions: "Why
are MIAs so rowdy? Why do they fight all time?", or complaints "All
they do is talk!, Government is too slow!, Politicians don't listen!" I
talk about the Legislature being a place where passions and differences belong,
but personal attacks do not. I mention that the word 'parliament' is derived
from the French verb that means "to talk", and that the Legislature
is a place where all sides of issues can be heard; hence the talking. As to
listening Members are in the business of listening to their constituents and
lobby groups. I always finish off the same way, by saying to them: "If you
have drawn the conclusion that I think we have the best system of democracy in
the entire world right here in Canada and Saskatchewan, you are right. That is
exactly how I feel. But just because we have the best system is no guarantee
that you get good government.
Good government is made up of good people. A good
person, in a nutshell, is somebody who cares not just about me or, me and my
family, or me and my next-door neighbours, but somebody who cares about all of
An effective outreach program is not something to be
taken lightly. It has been hard work. When I sat down with my staff at the
beginning, I said, "Let us aim to give 50 presentations." In three
and a half months between the middle of October 1996 and the end of January
1997 when our session was ready to start, I gave 74 presentations. About 70 of
those were to schools, the rest to adult groups. I met just over 3,200 students
in 34 constituencies.
I visited 22 of the 41 constituencies held by
government members, 7 of the 11 ridings held by the official opposition as well
as 4 of 5 constituencies held by the third party. In 90% of the cases the local
MLA was there with me.
I told the story of parliamentary democracy but the
living example was their MLA. For many MLAs it was the first time they were
able to get into that school because some schools viewed politics as a dirty
thing, and they did not invite politicians to visit. In advance of a visit,
news releases were sent to the local media and the news coverage throughout the
province has been overwhelmingly positive.
When our House resumed sitting on March 6, 1997, many
Members from all parties spoke highly of the Outreach programme. I look forward
to continuing and building upon it.