At the time this article was published John
Reid was former member who represented Kenora-Rainy River in the House of
Commons from 1965 to 1984. He was also a former Minister of State for
To be a member of the Canadian House of
Commons is to be a part of one of the most misunderstood, misreported and most
abused institutions in Canada. It is no wonder the ordinary citizen is somewhat
confused as to what Parliament as an institution and the House of Commons in
particular are all about. Despite various recent reforms that have been adopted
or are under consideration in the long term significant parliamentary reform
will only take place when many more citizens really understand how Parliament
works. Persons who have served in Parliament have the potential to contribute a
great deal to the "popularization" of Parliament in this country. A
step in the right direction would be creation of an Association of Former
Members of Parliament similar to the Association of Former Members' of Congress
in the United States.
Founded in 1971, the American Association
was conceived by two former Congressmen, Brook Hays (Democrat 1943-1959) and
Walter Judd (Republican 1943-1963). Open to anyone who has served in either the
United States Senate or House of Representatives it now includes several former
Presidents and Vice-Presidents, Cabinet officers, ambassadors, governors,
mayors, judges and leaders from the private sector. Despite their diverse
backgrounds all members share the common objective of promoting a better
understanding of Congress as an effective instrument of government.
The Association operates on a strictly
non-partisan basis, balancing its officers and Board of Directors with Democrats
and Republicans and with former Senate and House Members. It is incorporated in
the District of Columbia as a non-profit organization.
According to the Federal Charter approved by
the Congress and signed into law by President Reagan in 1982, the organization
is charged with "the promotion of the cause of good government at the
national level by improving the public understanding of the United States
Congress as an institution and strengthening its support by the public."
The Charter states that the Association "shall function as an educational,
patriotic, civic, historical and research organization."
The Association of Former Congressmen
publishes a directory of former members of Congress, distributes a quarterly
newsletter and holds an annual dinner for members. It also sponsors a number of
educational projects and participates in international programs designed to
develop better relationships between Congress and its counterpart legislative
bodies. A partial list of its activities includes the following:
- The Congressional Fellows Program sends former Members of Congress
to college and university campuses across the country to meet and talk
with students about representative government and how the national
legislative process works.
- The International Campus Fellows Program brings parliamentarians
from abroad to American campuses to interpret the legislative process in
their countries and discuss political, economic, cultural and social
- Seminars on foreign policy, issues bring together members of
Congress and their counterparts from other countries.
- At the request of former President Ford, the Association launched
an in-depth examination of the executive and legislative roles in foreign
- In conjunction with the Library of Congress, the Association has
compiled the oral histories of over 80 former Members of Congress for the
use of historians and others and made them available through the Library
on tapes and transcripts and on microfiche through University Microfilms
- A comparative study of the U.S. Congress and the Japanese Diet has
been completed and published in English and Japanese and a similar study
is underway comparing the U.S. Congress and the West German Bundestag.
- The Association has sponsored a project to produce an eight-part
series for public television on the history, of the House of
The American Association is supported in
part from contributions by its members and partly by, donations from Sponsors
($1000 – $10,000). Benefactors ($10,000 – $50,000) and Patrons (donations over
$50,000). In 1984 there were some twenty-five patrons and benefactors including
the Ford Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation, the National Endowment for the
Humanities, Exxon Educational Foundation, the U.S. Department of State, and the
United States Information Agency.
The Former Members of Congress Association
has been involved in a few activities concerning Canada. A seminar on
Canadian-American Relations was held in 1979; a speaking tour of several
universities was arranged for former Canadian Member of Parliament Alastair
Gillespie in 1983; more recently the Association hosted a luncheon meeting with
members of the Task Force on Reform of the House of Commons in Washington.
Despite past contacts no similar Canadian association has ever been
A Canadian Association of Former Members
Notwithstanding differences between American
and Canadian institutions and the different population and wealth of the two
countries, the creation of an Association of Former Members of Parliament
(along the same general lines as the American one) has much to recommend it.
From the point of view of former Members,
there is a natural desire to keep in touch with friends and colleagues (from
both sides of the House and from both Houses). This would be one of the
attractions of the Association to former Member. I believe that desire to keep
in touch with each other would guarantee the success of the organization.
Coupled with this is the a natural desire to
keep in touch with the institution of Parliament. Even though many may not have
paid too much attention to the institution itself, (if only because of all the
other pressures on a Member), many former Members did develop an interest in
Parliament or in aspects of the House, and would appreciate the opportunity to
follow the evolution of the institution.
Many of the aims of the American Association
would be applicable here. Since there is a lamentable lack of understanding of
our system of government, former Members could be useful in assisting Canadians
to understand our parliamentary system of government. They, could be made
available to high schools, universities and community groups. In this work,
they would have a unique advantage over Members of Parliament since they would
not be seen to be partisan in their comments. The process of an ongoing process
of education is important, since it often appears that Canadians have a better
appreciation of the Congressional system of government than their own. In a
sense, there is no one better equipped for this work than a convinced former
Member, for he or she would have the practical knowledge of the faults and
successes of the system and be able to discuss the parliamentary system with
some considerable insight.
One of the recent innovations has been the
orientation course put on at the beginning of new Parliaments by the House of
Commons. This has proven to be of great value to newly elected Members. But a
good part of that course, in a sense, could be given by former Members of Parliament,
who have gone through the elation of election and the reality of serving as an
elected Member of Parliament. This is another area that could be explored.
I believe such an Association could be
helpful in encouraging former Members to put on record their recollections of
political life. Canadian politicians have not been enthusiastic about leaving
written records of their political activities. I have been impressed by
the approach taken by the Congressional Association to encourage their Members
to make available their recollections to their country. That information also
would be of value in informing Canadians as to how their system of government
There is also the possibility of such an
Association sponsoring a number of activities. The list of the activities of
the American Association given above should be taken as an illustration of what
would be accomplished over time by an enthusiastic Canadian Association.
Certainly, there seems to be no end to useful activities that could be undertaken
by such a body. It could even be a resource for Parliament itself to drawn on,
for their own occasions when former Members could be of help to the
institution. This would make life easier for the sitting Members of Parliament,
and improve the quality of parliamentary activity.