In the spring of 2004 twenty-five students came to Canada as part of the
Canada-Ukraine Parliamentary Program (CUPP) to observe and study the Canadian
election and electoral system. In the fall of 2004 another twenty-seven
students came to Canada to participate in the traditional CUPP program
and complete an internship in the office of a Canadian Member of Parliament.
This article looks at the development of the Canada Ukraine Parliamentary
The story of the Canada-Ukraine Parliamentary Program (CUPP) begins in
1991 with the proclamation of Ukraine as a free and independent state.
This freedom from the Soviet Empire brought new hopes and aspirations for
a prosperous future. That year was also special in Canada, as Canadians
of Ukrainian heritage celebrated the Centennial of Ukrainian group immigration
To mark this Centennial, organizations planned programs and projects to
celebrate this milestone. The Chair of the Ukrainian Studies Foundation
of Toronto decided to establish a program for undergraduate university
students from Ukraine. Its goal was to promote and assist the democratisation
process in Ukraine.
The CUPP was established as a Parliamentary Democracy and Comparative Political
Studies Internship Semester in the Canadian House of Commons. The internship
now lasts on average 10 weeks and takes place in the spring of each year
in Canadas Parliament in Ottawa.
The CUPP aims to give university students from Ukraine and now from Armenia,
Azerbaijan and Georgia, an opportunity to work with a Member of Parliament
and his or her staff, attend Question Period, attend meetings of parliamentary
committees, research and prepare questions for question period, work on
the newsletter to the constituents, research questions and issues raised
by the constituents and in the debates in the House, perform administrative
functions, research government and party policies, attend meetings and
conferences of educational organizations, become acquainted with and use
the research facilities of the House of Commons and its library, and carry
out general office duties.
The CUPP also gives us the chance to learn about and share Canadian culture,
point of view and current trends in a country where both English and French
are spoken, as well as Chinese, Italian, Indian, Pakistani, and so many
other languages. CUPP gives us the opportunity to develop and practice
certain diplomatic skills by acting as representatives of our universities,
our society and our country. Coming to study and live in Canada broadens
our horizons and gives many of us our first opportunity of living in a
The first CUPP program brought only 3 students to Canada but after fourteen
years there are now more than 300 alumni representing all regions of Ukraine.
There are graduates currently studying and working in a variety of professional
fields including political science, medicine, engineering, law and education.
It is hard to imagine how fast-developing, multifaceted, and popular CUPP
Candidates for CUPP are selected, based of academic excellence, volunteer
work in the community, leadership potential, recommendations of their teachers,
and fluency in English or French, and Ukrainian. However, most CUPP interns
speak more than Ukrainian, English or French. In fact, among the students
of 2004 Program, there is a number who also speak Arabic, Armenian, Byelorussian,
German, Georgian, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian,
Spanish, Swedish, and Turkish.
Canada Live: A Report from the 2004 Interns
The 2004 Spring internship turned out to be very special for all participants.
From May to June for the second time in our history, twenty-five students
completed their internship during a Federal election campaign, thereby
acquiring knowledge about how a democratic, fair, and transparent election
The Fall 2004 group was the first one in fourteen years of the programs
existence to witness and work under conditions of a Minority government,
learning how to negotiate on controversial issues, search compromise, and
how the government and the opposition can complement each other for the
sake of working for the good of the country. These unique experiences were
gained through direct work in the offices of Members of Parliament. This
is without a doubt the most important part of the CUPP internship.
Before they start interns attend an in-depth seminar, on the Canadian political
system, to get first-hand knowledge of the theoretical background of how
Canadian legislative and executive bodies function.
Next, each student is assigned to an MPs office with, three out of four
parties represented in the House of Commons Liberal, Conservative, and
NDP. One student worked in the office of the Minister of Citizenship and
Immigration. Such diversity gives each participant a different view of
the Canadian Parliament.
Each of us worked as a full-fledged member of our MPs team, assuming all
the responsibilities and performing all the duties that came with it. This
definitely gave us a wide scope for application of all our leadership,
communication, language, computer, and analytical skills.
The interns duties varied from office to office. Sometimes we acted as
administrative assistants, answering the phone, picking up and sorting
mail, helping the visitors, receiving and analysing feedback from the ridings.
Some of us had an excellent opportunity to put our language skills to a
good use by doing translations at the request of the office staff or searching
databases in the source language.
Conducting research was also one of the most important and interesting
aspects of our regular duties. This challenging task allowed us to gain
an understanding of current burning issues of Canadian society (e.g. BSE
problem, same-sex marriages, sponsorship scandal, etc.) and the ways politicians
are dealing with them.
The luckiest of us got a chance to contribute to Canadian policy-making.
Can there be anything more exciting than to watch your MP asking a question
during the Question Period or delivering a speech that you have been working
on, and realizing that the whole country is watching,!
An important aspect of our multifaceted experience in Canada was visiting
the riding of the MP. Some of us had a chance to make such a trip and meet
the staff of the constituency offices to get an idea of the whole spectrum
of Canadian governance.
We were learning about Canada not only in our offices, but also by following
events on the Hill. The first such event was the Speech from the Throne.
This left a deep impression on us. One observed the respect for a long
standing tradition and its incorporation into the modern political life
of the country. This created a special Canadian mood that lasted during
our whole stay here.
The rigorous debate following the Speech from the Throne was for us, the
next impressive aspect of a parliamentary democracy system. The debate
on the Speech from the Throne resumed after Question Period, which fulfills
the important function of imposing practical control, by a strong opposition
over the stated intentions of the governing party.
For most generations of CUPP interns, Question Period , media scrums, and
briefings exemplify the high degree of openness on the Canadian system
something we would like to see one day implemented in the Ukrainian parliament.
But openness of the Canadian parliament goes well beyond Question Period
and media scrums. It is accessibility of the MPs that strikes us most.
We were amazed how easily average Canadians can get hold of their MPs,
come to their offices both in the ridings and here in Ottawa, talk to them
about their problems and actually get help or least a receptive ear.
Accessibility is derivative from openness. Openness comes from people,
and Canadians working on the Hill are definitely open, easy-going, and
We like to keep it simple, said Peter Stoffer, MP for Sackville-Musquodoboit
Valley-Eastern Shore during the meeting with us. And truly most of the
MPs here do not suffer from star disease but simply want to do their
job well. In a situation where every vote counts, proper representation
of their constituents here on the Hill is the biggest challenge and the
primary task of every MP.
Every office is weighed down with work preparing legislative reports,
writing executive summaries, pursuing research projects, writing speeches
for session days, communicating with the ridings by means of householders
and ten-per centers, etc., but it all is being done in friendly relaxed
atmosphere, which made us feel comfortable, from the first day of our internship.
To make its own contribution to building an informal but productive atmosphere
inside the House of Commons, even the parliamentary newspaper The Hill
Times, conducts an annual survey among political staffers to decide on
the sexiest, stylish, entertaining, and so forth, MP on the Hill.
We came with a stereotype that all MPs are extremely serious people, who
think only about politics, and any deviations from this norm are unacceptable.
In Canada we witnessed the situation when politicians are not afraid to
be made fun of. During this years annual Press Gallery Dinner Canadas
political elite demonstrated that they have an excellent sense of humour.
Governor General Adrienne Clarkson, for example, appeared in front of the
public in sportswear with a backpack and a cap turned to the side, knocking
our whole CUPP group from our chairs. We realized that only in a free and
open country is there an opportunity for politicians to joke about themselves
and not be taken too literally. Ukraine still has a long way to go to this
level of freedom and camaraderie.
Openness and keeping things simple, by Canadian parliamentarians made our
internship extremely informative and interactive. We had no problems arranging
all sorts of meetings with MPs from different parties, senators, representatives
of various government departments and agencies (including the Department
of Foreign Affairs and International Trade and Canadian International Development
Agency), embassies of the USA, Armenia, and Ukraine. Even the House of
Commons Speaker Peter Milliken, MP for Kingston and the Islands, found
time to meet with us. Every meeting with these tremendously interesting
people cast a new light on how Canadas Parliament and its people, function
and live on a day-to-day basis.
We were very pleased to meet with MPs of Ukrainian descent including Walt
Lastewka for St. Catherines, Borys Wrzesnewskyj for Etobicoke Centre,
and Senator A. Raynell Andreychuk of Saskatchewan. We are proud that they
still care about maintaining Ukrainian roots in the UkrainianCanadian
community that they remember Ukraine, and help to contribute to its democratic
development. Even more important, they expressed the belief that the young
generation of Ukrainians, to which we also belong, will be able to make
the change in Ukraine and to create a new positive image of the country
on the international arena.
But there was also another aspect of meeting politicians of Ukrainian heritage.
We finally realized how important culture, history, and language are for
understanding certain patterns inside a society, how different mentalities
emerge based on historical memory and conditions. Learning about the Canadian
governance system is necessary but not sufficient for understanding how
Canadian society works. To get the full picture, one has to know more about
Canadian history and culture, for these are the cornerstones of understanding
Canada. For this reason we had a series of events that helped us to broaden
our outlook and develop a better understanding of what was going on around
For us, the key words to define Canadian culture are diversity and multiculturalism,
which is about realizing that all cultures interact and coexist in Canada
but still maintain their Ukrainian, French, Chinese, Irish, Italian etc.
roots and traditions. Canadians do not melt their people into a stew. Canada
allows its people to maintain their traditions while building up their
Canadian roots and identity. You can visit Ukrainian Mass with the Gospel
read in both English and Ukrainian languages, or visit Montreal, which
is both European and North American, or eat Chinese food in a Canadian
restaurant and think of yourself as a discoverer of each of these cultures,
and s enjoy and appreciate any or all of them. Thats because to be Canadian
means to believe in tolerance, mutual understanding, and democracy.
Probably the best cultural experience for us was the visit to the Canadian
Museum of Civilizations, which encompasses fragments of daily life of Canadians
from different regions, showing them in historical retrospective the
Grand Hall exhibits the traditional culture of First Nations, the Canada
Hall depicts scenes of European influence on Canada. You can get an idea
of a Chinese hand laundry, a Ukrainian Booksellers Shop or walk into the
St. Onuphrius Ukrainian Church. What we have noticed is that Canadians
respect every culture and are open to accept its influence on what comes
to be Canadian culture. Moreover, Canadians preserve their historical markers
and treat them with respect. This is an example worth following by every
Other museums, which helped us to understand the country, were Canada and
World Pavilion with the Spirit, Heart and Mind sections, and the National
Gallery of Art with its exhibitions of paintings from all parts of the
world. The First Nations in Canada were a whole new discovery for us. We
were greatly impressed by the Inuit Art collection (traditional carvings,
graphic works), which created in our minds a vivid image of how the people
in northern circumpolar region live and what their hopes and beliefs are.
Still it is useful to remember that a country is about the people who live
there. We are very grateful that we had a chance to share a lot of cultural
experiences by interacting with average Canadians.
At first sight it seemed strange how confident and patriotic Canadians
are. But Canada is the country, where the Charter of Rights and Freedoms
is not just words on a paper. Therefore, there are equal rights for every
Canadian regardless of race, national origin, colour, sex, age or mental
abilities. Women in Canada are very involved in governance, business, cultural
and social life of the country. Many of the Senators are female.
Every person in Canada is an individual, who is important to the whole
country. We discovered that there is strong support for the homeless, the
poor and disabled by means of social security provided by the state. Every
individual is of great value. That is probably the best cultural experience:
to gain the feeling of mutual respect, to believe in equality, freedom
Where are they Now
The experience and knowledge gained during the CUPP internship opens up
new horizons for many alumni upon the programs completion. Over the years
former participants have been proving by their work and progress how effective
the Program has been.
When looking at CUPP alumni profiles, one can readily see the great contribution
CUPP has been making to the education of future leaders of Ukraine. Graduates
of past programs are now diplomats in the Ukrainian Foreign Service, professors
at universities, advisers to Ministers in Ukraine and abroad, to financial
institutions and multinational corporations, assistants to members of the
Ukrainian Parliament (the Verkhovna Rada)., under contract to the World
Health Organization, The Council of Europe, The United Nations, the World
Bank, and the IMF. One graduate is a deputy mayor, and several are councillors
in municipal governments.
Olga Makara (1994) has summarized the opinion of the majority of CUPP Alumni,
CUPP played a key role in my professional activity and education. This
is the real course of democracy for Ukrainian students, which provides
an understanding of what is crucial for Ukraines future and prosperity.
The first step of a significant part of CUPP alumni after returning from
Canada is continuation of their education. Many are pursuing Masters degree
and/or PhD in Ukrainian or foreign institutions. Alumni have received scholarships
for studies at Boston University, Duke University, Johns Hopkins University,
Oxford University, University of Amsterdam, University of Toronto, University
of Maastricht, Cambridge University, McGill University, Harvard University,
Sorbonne University, York University, LSE, University of Edinburgh, University
of Calgary, University of Warsaw and many more.
The quest to earn international degrees (International Relations, International
Economics and Finance, International Development etc.) and LLM apparently
can be explained by the influence of the Canadian experience. A lot of
the alumni go through an internship at the Ukrainian Parliament where they
work at various departments and committees.
Mykhailo Danylko (2000) completed an internship at the European Union Commission
in Brussels, Belgium, and at the European Union Parliament in Strasbourg,
France. Evhen Palenka (1995) was awarded Prize by the World Bank and Harvard
University for his paper on the Ukrainian Taxation System. Actually, the
topics of some thesis are worthy mentioning since they demonstrate the
positive reformative intentions of the graduates. For example: The Law
on the Protection of Honour and Honesty, Ukrainian National Image in the
World, and Legal Approaches to the Development of European Security.
The Canada-Ukraine Parliamentary Program experience encourages many alumni
to start working at government and justice institutions. This raises hopes
that the Rule of Law and democratic principles learned during the CUPP
Program will soon be implemented in Ukrainian society. Here are some examples
of this positive tendency.
Nazar Bobitski (1994) held a post of Attaché at Embassy of Ukraine in Brussels,
Belgium, and now he is working at Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine
in Department of European Union.
Luba Gribkova (1993) has been employed by Municipal Government of Yalta,
as chief specialist and head of Foreign Development and Investment Policy
Departments since 1999.
Lawyer Lev Kozakov (1997) specializes in commercial litigation and advocacy
work before governmental bodies.
Volodymyr Omelyan (1999) was an Attaché of the NATO and European Security
Division and currently he is Third Secretary of the Permanent Mission of
Ukraine to the International Organisations in Vienna, Austria.
Mykhailo Danylko (2000) served four years as Municipal Government Councillor
Viktor Dovhan has been working at the Ukrainian-European Policy and Legal
Advice Centre in Kyiv.
Maksym Rayko and Nataliya Mykolska have joined the staff of the top Ukrainian
law firms Magister & Partners and Vasyl Kisil & Partners correspondingly.
Olga Kravchenko has been an employee at the Constitutional Court of Ukraine
The board and sponsors of CUPP may be also proud of Oksana Rudiuk (1996),
Olga Dmytrenko (1998), Hanna Kossiv (1998), Natalya Syedina (2000), and
Tetyana Nedashkovska (2003). Oksana has been involved into anti-corruption
Program Partnership for a Transparent Society. Olga is now working at
the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France. Hanna has been
an active member of Faith & Light, communities for mentally challenged
individuals. President of Ukraine appointed Natalya to Ukrainian Students
Council. And Tetyana was an organizer of the Annual Ecological Initiative
Cleanse Your City of Wasters.
The CUPP has given birth to some sparkling stars in the Ukrainian social
and political universe, but lots of problems remain unsolved. We believe
that the expertise, experience, and spirit of those who at least once have
encountered true democracy will help to overcome all the difficulties on
the way of building a free and democratic Ukrainian state.
The CUPP is an invaluable gift from Canada because it invests in Ukrainian,
Armenian, Azerbaijani and Georgian youth. The CUPP Director stresses that
We want to see Ukraine as prosperous and free as Canada. Not only does
he preach it, but from year to year he and his board work to organize a
new CUPP program and welcome a fresh group of students to Canada. Everyone
associated with the program is grateful to Canada for its hospitality and
for sharing its knowledge with us. You have made new converts to the Canadian
way! As we leave the Canada-Ukraine Parliamentary Program we, will do our
best to justify your faith and hope in our future.