| British Columbia
| House of Commons
The fifth session of the thirty-second legislature
began with the opening address delivered by Premier René Lévesque. The session
was highlighted by changes in the political strategy of the governing Parti
Québécois. Immediately following the opening, the Opposition tabled ten motions
condemning the government for its change of position vis-à-vis federalism
following the election of a new government in Ottawa. The independence option
and the referendum issue, together with problems of youth underemployment were
the focus of speeches made by 70 MNAs in reply to the opening address. The
government response came from the Minister responsible for Intergovernmental
Affairs, Pierre-Marc Johnson. He launched an appeal for solidarity with regard
to constitutional and economic matters in Quebec.
The visit by French Prime Minister Laurent
Fabius on November 9 provided a pleasant respite from the general debate which
became even more heated following Premier Lévesque's decision not to hold an
election on the question of independence despite a resolution to the contrary
adopted at the PQ party convention in June 1983. Several MNAs resigned during
the days that followed, including: Pierre de Bellefeuille (Deux-Montagnes), who
crossed the floor to sit as an independent on November 20, Jérôme Proulx
(St-Jean), who also decided to sit as an independent on November 22. Five
ministers resigned from cabinet, Messrs. Jacques Parizeau, Camille Laurin,
Jacques Léonard, Gilbert Paquette and Denise LeBlanc-Bantey. On November 27,
the Minister of Cultural Communities and Immigration Louise Harel, also
resigned. Two backbenchers, Guy Chevrette and Jacques Brassard, were
immediately appointed to cabinet.
On December 4, the Minister responsible for
Citizen Relations, Denis Lazure, resigned from cabinet and from the National
Assembly. Several days later, the Opposition tabled a non confidence motion
which was defeated 56 to 49. There was one abstention and 9 government MNAs
were absent when the vote was taken.
A total of 35 bills were passed during the
session. Several others remained under study during the inter-session, notably
Bill 42 pertaining to work accidents and occupational illnesses and a draft
bill calling for a review of the collective bargaining process in the public
and para public sectors. Twelve other government bills remained on the order
paper, including Bill 21, legislation to amend the Quebec Pension Plan, Bill 94
respecting workers who earn gratuities, Bill 93 on national parks and Bill 9
concerning the Auditor General.
The main piece of legislation adopted during
this session concerned public primary and secondary education (Bill 3 passed on
December 20,1984). This legislation provided for the creation of linguistic
school boards to administer public schools within a particular territory, specified
the duties of the school board and contained special provisions for the Island
of Montreal. The legislation guarantees the continued existence of
non-denominational or dissenting school boards and extends their current right
to dissension. The legislation, which amends thirty-five existing laws, is
scheduled to come into force on July 1, 1986. It was tabled on November 1 by
Education Minister Yves Bérubé and was debated at length in the assembly and in
committee before being adopted just hours prior to the adjournment. The 683
amended sections were finally adopted by 58 members of the governing party,
with one member abstaining. In a protest move, the opposition did not take part
in the vote.
On the final day of the session, the
President of the Treasury Board, Michel Clair, tabled a draft bill on the
collective bargaining process in the public and para-public sectors. The draft
legislation outlined the framework for collective bargaining in the fields of
education, social affairs and government organizations. Furthermore, it
proposed that henceforth the salaries of public servants and employees of
school boards, colleges and institutions be negotiated and determined
separately from other clauses in collective agreements.
Under the terms of the draft legislation,
the right to strike and the right to lockout employees cannot be exercised over
monetary clauses in the collective agreement. Furthermore, these rights can
only be exercised after the mediation process has been attempted. The standing
committee on budget and administration examined the draft bill for two weeks
during January and February 1985.
Bill 19 (Election Law) combines into a
single piece of legislation three separate laws pertaining to elections, the
electoral roll, the financing of political parties and amends the Referendum
Law. It also introduces a number of amendments designed to facilitate and
harmonize the electoral process.
The aim of Bill 20, which was tabled at the
close of the session, is to initiate reforms in the area of human rights,
inheritance and property rights so as to tie the Civil Code in with the general
legal framework. The bill contains 1,423 sections and will be studied when the
assembly resumes sitting in the spring.
A total of 77 committee meetings were held
during the fall session, with 91% of these meetings devoted to the detailed
study of bills. Three meetings focussed on the activities of crown
Thériault, Indexing and Bibliographic Service, Legislative Library,
Quebec National Assembly.
Erratum: On p. 29 of Volume 7 Number 4 the
term "election" was used in describing the recognition of a new
opposition leader in Alberta. The word should have been "selection".
The fall sittings of the second session of
the twentieth legislature were adjourned on November 13, 1984. Bills passed
during these sittings included the Alberta Cultural Heritage Act, the Child
Transportation Act, and the Wildlife Act.
The Alberta Cultural Heritage Act reaffirms
the government's commitment to development of cultural heritage in Alberta. It
establishes a new Cultural Heritage Division in the Department of Culture, and
restructures the Alberta Cultural Heritage Council. The Child Transportation
Act states that children must be secured in a car safety seat when in vehicles
travelling on the highway. Prior to the passage of this Bill, Alberta had been
one of two Canadian provinces with no form of seat belt legislation.
The new Wildlife Act is the result of a
review of Alberta's fish and wildlife policy. Highlights of the bill include
redefinition of the term "wildlife", restructuring of penalty
sections, and establishment of a reward program for information leading to the
apprehension of violators. The bill will not go into force until the necessary
regulations have been developed.
Doris Bergen, Legislative Intern, Alberta Legislative Assembly.
The last month of the fourth session of the
legislature proved to be of historical importance for the Province.
Having previously announced his retirement
from politics William Davis made his last appearance in the House as Premier of
Ontario on December 14. In an emotional address on the windup of the Budget
debate, the Deputy Premier, Robert Welch, told the House that: "For me ...
and for many of us in this House, this is an extremely emotional moment. On a
very personal level, I have sat with my leader in this House for nearly 22
years and I can only reiterate what I said following the Premiers announcement
to resign, "There is no finer or more highly principled person ever to
have been elected a member of this Legislature than Bill Davis, the member for
Brampton. His sensitivity, his compassion and his sincerity have always enabled
him, through all his political and personal times of testing. to emerge wiser
and more deeply respected by his colleagues and by people of this province and
the people of our wonderful country.
In echoing the sentiments of the Deputy Premier,
Opposition Leader David Peterson and New Democratic Party leader Bob Rae
recounted personal anecdotes which underlined their respect and affection for
In The House
Several important pieces of legislation were
passed in the last session. The Metropolitan Toronto Police Force Complaints
Act (Bill 140), which created a formalized procedure for handling and
investigating complaints about the Toronto Police force from the public, was a
generally lauded piece of legislation. This bill extends and makes permanent
the office of the Public Complaints Commissioner, created on an experimental
basis three years ago.
The Opposition did have some concerns with
the bill. Acting Liberal Party justice critic Robert Nixon and New Democratic
Party justice critic Ed Philip pressed the Attorney General to take the control
for initiating the response to complaints from the hands of the police and give
it to the Commissioner himself. Both parties felt such a change in the process
would aid in the appearance of a more independent and objective investigation.
In accepting the principle and intent of the
bill, Mr. Nixon voiced a further concern. He said, "While I am quite
prepared to recognize that the main problems occur in this major urban centre
or world-class city with the special law enforcement problems that go along
with the size and cosmopolitan nature of the jurisdiction, still you and I, Mr
Speaker, coming from smaller communities, would recognize that such a basis of
complaint against police forces and activities ought to be broadened out to
include all our police forces."
Bill 17, An Act to Revise the Election Act,
passed on the last day of the session, introduced significant changes to the
Ontario election process. The bill established a minimum election period of 37
days and a maximum period of 74 days, The bill also made the following
provisions: effective July 1, 1986, the present provision permitting British
subjects who are not Canadian citizens to vote in Ontario elections will be
withdrawn; and the requirement of 12 months residency in Ontario will be
reduced to 6 months: all polling stations shall be made accessible to the
handicapped; provision was made for the placement of polling stations in
certain institutions, including psychiatric facilities; the franchise was
extended to judges in the Province of Ontario, who previously were ineligible
to vote in provincial elections, as they still are in federal elections.
The fourth session was 24 weeks long,
comprising a total of 115 sitting days. Eighty-eight government bills were
introduced, six of which were carried over from the previous session. Four of
these six and a total of sixty-seven government bills received Royal Assent.
Seventy-three Private Members' Public Bills were introduced as well as thirty-nine
Private Bills. Thirty of the Private Bills were passed by the end of the
On January 26, the Ontario Progressive
Conservative Party held its Leadership Convention to replace Mr Davis. The
ultimate successor, after three ballots, one recount and ten hours. was Frank
Stuart Miller. Mr Miller, most recently Minister of Industry and Trade in the
last Davis Cabinet, defeated Dennis Timbrell, Larry Grossman and Roy McMurtry,
each long-time cabinet ministers.
On the first ballot, Mr Miller lead with 591
(35%) of the ballots, Mr. Timbrell collected 421 (25%), Mr. Grossman won 378
(22%) and Mr. McMurtry, coming in last with 300 (18%), was forced to drop from
the ballot under the rules of the Convention. On the second ballot, Mr. Miller
retained the lead with 659 votes (39.2%), Mr. Grossman took the second spot at
514 (30.6%), edging out Mr. Timbrell by only 6 votes. Given the extreme
closeness of Mr. Grossman's and Mr. Timbrell's results, a complete recount of
the second ballot was permitted, however the outcome was identical to the count
previously announced and Mr. Timbrell was forced to drop from the ballot.
On the final ballot, Mr. Miller emerged
victorious with 869 votes (53.3%) while Mr. Grossman took 792 (47.7%). The
close 77vote difference between these two men was reminiscent of the 1971
convention. in which Mr. Davis defeated Allan Lawrence on the last ballot of
that convention by only 44 votes.
Two weeks after the convention. Mr. Miller
took the oath as Premier before Lieutenant-Governor John Black Aird in a
ceremony in the Legislative Chamber. In addition to his duties as Premier and
President of the Executive Council, Premier Miller is also Minister of
Intergovernmental Affairs. His new cabinet is comprised of a record thirty-three
members including eleven newcomers.
Todd J. Decker, Assistant Clerk,
Ontario Legislative Assembly.
The second session of the thirty-third
parliament resumed its deliberations on February 11, 1985.
Two important reports were tabled on the
opening day. The report of the Select Standing Committee on Standing Orders and
Private Bills recommended a substantial revamping of the Standing Orders, and,
in addition, made detailed recommendations relating to pay allowances for
members of the Legislative Assembly. The highlights of the recommendations
dealing with the Standing Orders were as follows:
- Provision for private members statements one day each week.
- Appeals from the Speaker's rulings abolished.
- The Committee of Ways and Means abolished.
- Provision made for reference of Estimates and Legislation to
- Time limit for speeches shortened.
- Wednesday to be designated as Optional Sitting Day to be used for a
full day of committee work when necessary.
- Clarification of disciplinary procedures in the event a member
disregards the authority of the Chair.
- Provision for stacking of votes.
- All divisions automatically recorded in the Votes and Proceedings.
- Rationalization of the Order Paper
- Improvement of Standing Orders relating to adjournment of the House
on matters of Urgent Public Importance.
- Inclusion of the Oral Question Period in the Standing Orders.
- Clarification of the Speaker's jurisdictional authority.
- Simplification of the rules relating to Petitions.
- A complete revamping of Standing Orders relating to Private Bills
The second portion of the committee's report
dealt with members' benefits which included a $60-a-day Capital City Allowance
for members outside Victoria ridings, and a $30-a-day allowance for local
members. The in-constituency expense allowance would be increased and provision
was made for a maximum of ten parliamentary secretaries at an additional salary
of $6,000 per year.
The report also made provision for payments
to the following officers in the amounts indicated: Deputy Chairman of the
Whole – $4,000 per year; Government Whip – $4,000 per year; Official Opposition
House Leader – $3,000 per year; and Official Opposition Whip – $3,000 per year.
Finally, the committee recommended that
members of the Assembly would become eligible for superannuation allowance
after having served for more than two parliaments, or upon having served seven
years. The annual superannuation allowance to be based upon an amount equal to
5% of the highest average legislative allowance, multiplied by the years of
service, not to exceed 16 years.
The report of the Standing Committee on
Standing Orders and Private Bills was unanimously approved, not only be the all
party committee, but by the House itself.
The Standing Orders are in the process of
being reprinted, and most observers feel the net result will be a well-balanced
set of Standing Orders providing ample debate opportunity for all members,
consistent with a responsible allocation of time.
The proposed increased member benefits are
recommendations only, and at the date of this report necessary supporting
legislation has not been passed by the House. The committee recommended further
study be given to the matter of televising and broadcasting the debates of the
Another report of considerable interest was
by the British Columbia Electoral Commission. It related to amendments to the
Constitution Act. The committee concluded that 12 additional seats should be
added to the Legislative Assembly. The Electoral Commission Report and
supporting legislation have not as yet been debated in the House.
Another event of interest was an
announcement by Graham Lea, MLA for Prince Rupert, that he will be sitting in
the House as the leader of a new party called the United Party of British
There have also been announcements from both
the Premier of the province, William R. Bennett, and the Leader of the Official
Opposition, Robert Skelly, to the effect that mutual consultation and co-operation
between the two parties will produce a more satisfactory atmosphere in the
legislative chamber. To date. there is considerable evidence that this is the
course both parties intend to pursue.
E. George MacMinn, Deputy Clerk, British Columbia Legislative Assembly.
The session which was adjourned in June
resumed sitting on November 22, 1984 with the primary purpose of determining
the status of a member who had been convicted by a Court of Queen's Bench of
first-degree murder. In the absence of a resignation by the member for Thunder
Creek, Colin Thatcher, the Legislative Assembly passed an amendment to the
Legislative Assembly Act which spelled out the powers of the House to deal with
a member who is convicted of an indictable offence for which he is sentenced to
a prison term of two years or more. The legislation provides that a member in
such circumstances may be either suspended, or his seat vacated to be
determined by resolution of the Legislature. Following passage of the bill, a
resolution was passed which vacated the seat of Mr. Thatcher. No date for a
by-election has been announced.
The old session prorogued on November 28
just in time for the opening of the fourth session of the current Legislature
the following day. The Speech from the Throne noted the need for measures in
the agricultural sector to deal with the disastrous results of severe flooding
in the northeast and severe drought in the southern part of the province in
1984. A Farm Land Security Act to provide a moratorium on foreclosures on farm
land was passed before the session adjourned on December 19. Among the 24 other
bills passed was legislation to establish the Employment Development Agency to
co-ordinate and focus the government's employment strategy. The year 1985 was
proclaimed Saskatchewan Heritage Year with a broad theme encompassing the
commemoration of the Riel Rebellion, the province's 80year history and a focus
on youth as a special resource.
In January, the composition of the
Legislative Assembly was again altered by the decision of the Executive of the
Liberal Party of Saskatchewan to oust MLA Bill Sveinson from the ranks of the
Liberal Party thereby reverting the Liberal Party to its former status of
holding no provincial seats west of Ontario. The move resulted from apparent
disagreements between the member and the party over legislative tactics. Mr.
Sveinson continues to represent the constituency of Regina North West as an
The Clerk of Malawi, Pete Mpaso, will be at
the Saskatchewan table on attachment for 4 weeks in late March – early April.
Gwenn Ronyk, Deputy Clerk,
Saskatchewan Legislative Assembly.
There were many changes to the Senate as it
began the work of the first session of the thirty-third parliament, which
opened on November 5. As a result of the general election, the government had
changed hands, but unlike the House of Commons, the new Conservative government
was in a minority situation in the Senate.
Most of the Senate's standing committees
held organization meetings and chose their presiding officers. Two special
committees were established. On December 11, the Senate approved a motion by
Jacques Hébert to appoint a committee of 12 senators to make recommendations on
the problems and issues facing Canadian youth between 15 and 24 years of age.
The committee was to present its report no later than October 1, 1985.
On November 27, the Senate re-established
the Special Committee on National Defence, which had been conducting inquiries in
the previous parliament on matters relating to national defence. On January 23,
Committee Chairman Paul Lafond tabled its study of the Canadian Air Command
entitled "Canada's Territorial Air Defence". The Committee noted the
growing obsolescence, inefficiency and cost of the system now in place and
examined the options available to Canada in seeking their modernization. It
urged the government to undertake without delay the planned defence review and
recommended that Canada should explore the possibility of reviewing the NORAD
agreement to the turn of the century, with provision for review every five
years. The committee favoured the acquisition of twenty additional CF-18 jet
interceptors and recommended that Canada contribute to the operation of AWAC airborne
radar aircraft. The committee also called for an early inquiry into Canada's
present and future military requirements in space with a view to establishing a
national military space programme.
Other committees also received permission to
continue studies begun in the last parliament. On December 18, the Energy and
Natural Resources Committee was authorized to carry on its review of all
aspects of the National Energy Program, including its effects on energy
development in Canada. Also on December 18, the Foreign Affairs Committee
obtained permission to continue its examination of Canadian relations with
countries of the Middle East and North Africa.
On December 19, the Senate approved second
reading of Bill S-2, An Act to Amend and Consolidate the Laws Prohibiting
Marriage Between Related Persons, presented in the Senate by Senator Jacques
Flynn. The bill was referred to the Legal and Constitutional Affairs Committee
which had spent several months of the last session of parliament studying cases
involving consanguinity. Committee Chairman Joan Neiman expressed the hope that
the committee would explore as well the question of adoptive relationships and
that, in due course. it would be able to bring before the Senate
recommendations for a general law with respect to prohibited degrees of
Gary O'Brien, Director of Committees
and Private Legislation Branch, Senate.
House of Commons
The first weeks of the new Parliament were
occupied with the debate on the Address in Reply to the Speech from the Throne
and the economic statement made to the House by the Minister of Finance,
Michael Wilson. Much of the legislation introduced in this period by the new
government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney were housekeeping bills carried
over from the previous administration. There was one notable exception,
however, Bill C-15 which displaces the Federal Investment Review Agency (FIRA)
with Investment Canada. The standing committees were busy with the task of
studying Supplementary Estimates. Reform of parliamentary procedure continued
and the special committee charged with this task produced a substantial report
in December. The new Speaker, John Bosley, was one of the first witnesses to
appear before the committee.
The Speech from the Throne and the Economic
In the Speech from the Throne pronounced to
assembled senators, members and guests by Her Excellency the Governor General
on November 4, 1985, the new government outlined its objectives and agenda for
the session. The major theme of the Speech was restoration and renewal. The
government promised to undertake measures to "breathe a new spirit into
federalism and restore the faith and trust of all Canadians in the
effectiveness of our system of government". A series of meetings between
the federal and provincial governments and consultations with representatives
from the private and labour sectors was promised. The process of
"consensus building" was also fundamental to the government's
approach to the economy. Its three-part strategy, as explained in the Speech,
is aimed at restoring fiscal responsibility, removing obstacles to growth and
encouraging new investment. In addition, the government proposed to take steps
to improve the social and economic status of women, to reduce crime, to reform
the prison system, and to strengthen Canada's relationship with the United
States in defence and trade.
Reaction of members came during the nine
days allotted to the debate on the Address in Reply. The Leader of the Official
Opposition, John Turner, denounced the government's lack of specific plans to
tackle the nation's problems. At the same time, he defended the accomplishments
of previous Liberal governments and asserted that he and his colleagues would
not go along with any attempt to dismantle social programs in the name of
economic expediency. In his conclusion, he said that, "Perhaps what is
most disappointing is that there is really no vision of the future in that
Throne Speech. There are no new goals to inspire us. no new directions in which
to lead us. Instead, we are presented with a long list of studies.
consultations, consensus and process". A similar theme was raised by the
Leader of the New Democratic Party. Ed Broadbent. However, as he explained,
what also concerned him was the economic philosophy which permeated the Speech.
He denounced the perspective and policies of the new Progressive Conservative
government, and its Liberal predecessor as fundamentally wrong because, as he
said, it attacked the symptoms of the economic malaise as if they were the disease.
Following normal practice. the two Leaders
concluded their speeches by moving an amendment and a sub-amendment
respectively to a government member's motion of appreciation to the Governor
General for the Throne Speech. Mr. Turners amendment condemned the government
for lack of leadership in not taking immediate action to create new jobs. Mr.
Broadbent reiterated the objection of the amendment and added to it the
government's failure to reform the tax system and to bring forward measures to
support the equality of women. With the government's large majority, the
outcome of the vote on the amendment and sub amendment was not in doubt.
Perhaps as proof of the opposition's determination to be tenacious, despite
their reduced number, another amendment was put forward once the first had been
disposed of; this one by the Liberal opposition employment critic, Warren
Allmand. His amendment condemned the government for not being open and for
restricting the availability of information on decision-making in government.
The charge had to do with the uneasy and cautious relationship between the
media and the government in its first months and the decision to prevent access
of correspondents to the Government Lobby, contrary to past practice. This
amendment, too, was defeated.
Three days after the session began, Michael
Wilson made a statement to the House and the nation on the economy. To promote
recovery, he said, the government was prepared to meet four basic challenges:
reduce the federal deficit, redefine the role of government to promote economic
growth and job creation, encourage investment and competitiveness and bring
about these necessary changes through consultation and consensus. The deficit,
and the accumulated debt in particular, was singled out by the minister in his
view, "the mounting federal debt has become a powerful obstacle to growth
and to private sector job creation". As a first step, he announced a
reduction of $4.2 billion in projected government expenditures for fiscal year
1985-86. Other areas raised in the statement indicating the priorities of the
government included the tax system, the energy and resource sectors and
In the reply allowed to him as the
Opposition finance critic. Donald Johnston reviewed some of the details of the
announced cuts in government programmes. Citing the cuts for the CBC, the
Canadian Council, the PIP Program and the National Research Council among
others. he rhetorically asked how such reductions could be expected to create
jobs. In contrast to the policies of the new government, Mr. Johnston defended
the record of former Liberal governments. Speaking on behalf of the New
Democratic Party, Nelson Riis claimed that the proposals of the Progressive
Conservatives were likely to keep government "on the backs of ordinary
Canadians once again. The result of cuts in government services and tax
increases, he charged, "will be continual confrontation, continual
economic stagnation and a continuation of the social injustices."
Legislation passed through all stages in the
House and the Senate prior to receiving Royal Assent has been of a generally
non contentious nature. The bills passed have included marketing acts for farm
products and freshwater fish, acts to amend the law respecting the income tax,
the petroleum and gas revenue tax and, also, the customs and customs excise
One government bill, however, has drawn
sustained fire from the opposition: Bill C-15, an Act respecting investment in
Canada. The objective of this bill is to keep domestic venture capital here and
to attract foreign funds into the country. Investment Canada is to be set up as
a Crown agency to accomplish this goal. The effect of the bill is to virtually
eliminate a review process which the Minister of Regional Industrial Expansion,
Sinclair Stevens, claimed has stymied the growth and development of the
economy. In response to the second reading motion moved by the Minister, Lloyd
Axworthy and Steven Langdon both questioned whether the anticipated results
would in fact be achieved, or whether the government was simply selling its
economic nationality and integrity. At the end of January, after nine days of
debate, the minister's parliamentary secretary, Monique Tardif moved the
previous question and, two days later, the bill was read a second lime and
referred to the Standing Committee on Regional Development.
The themes and policy outlooks of the
political parties were underscored in supply day debates. These are occasions
when the opposition parties present a motion for consideration by the House and
try to expose any perceived weaknesses in the government. Among the topics
taken up were regional disparity in transportation, the plight of farmers, the
need for open government, the difficulties created by reduced government
services and the urgent need to promote nuclear disarmament. While these
debates are intended to be confrontations of a sort, they were usually marked
by a degree of civility which, as members have noted, was often lacking in
recent years. Indeed the mood and temper of the House as a whole has been
generally moderate and even-tempered.
The opposition parties managed to take the
offensive in the days just prior to the Christmas adjournment on the issue of
universality in social programmes. The tempest was sparked by a statement of
the Minister of Finance which suggested that the government might tax back
benefits in social programmes received by upper and middle-income families.
Heated exchanges ensued in the following days between the government and the
opposition during the Question Period. On Friday December 14, the Prime
Minister took a barrage of questions from Douglas Frith, Raymond Garneau,
Margaret Mitchell, Herb Gray and others demanding to know what were the
implications of the Finance Minister's statement. The basic position of Mr
Mulroney was to deny not only the imputed interpretation of the statement but
also that the Finance Minister had even said it at all. The following Monday,
the NDP Leader joined the fray and asked the Prime Minister to withdraw his
denial. Near to indignation Mr Broadbent warned, "You just start tampering
with those social programs and you'll see a political fight like you've never
seen before in this country. Shortly afterwards he charged that the Prime Minister
has deliberately misled the House. Such an accusation is un parliamentary and
must be withdrawn. Despite the requests of the Speaker. Mr. Broadbent refused
and was subsequently suspended from the House for the balance of the sitting.
Not to be outdone, the Liberal Leader made a request the next day for an
emergency debate to discuss the issue of universality, but was turned down by
the Speaker. Shortly afterwards, when debate was resumed on a government bill,
and a Liberal Member, George Baker was recognized. a motion to adjourn the
House was proposed and the bells for a recorded division were kept ringing for
the remainder of the day until stopped by the Speaker at the normal adjournment
hour. The voting system was used again the next day as part of the same protest
of the government's apparent position on universality.
The tempest, however, seemed to have passed
by late January when the Minister of National Health and Welfare. Jake Epp,
tabled his consultation paper, Child and Elderly Benefits. In it the federal
government maintained that it supported universality as a principle. At the
same time it proposed for consideration two recommendations. The first would
eliminate the child tax exemption from income lax returns. The resulting funds,
estimated at $800 million, would be used to increase the child tax credit, a
payment directed towards lower and middle income parents. An alternative
proposal would reduce both the child tax exemption and cut the size of family
allowance by one-third. No recommendations were put forward respecting elderly
benefits, basically because the government decided that no change is required
in the Old Age Security Guaranteed Income Supplement payments system".
Consultation papers such as Child and
Elderly Benefits have become a feature of the new government. In the period
under review, seven such discussion or consultation documents have been tabled
in the House. Other papers have addressed such issues as housing, small
business and farm taxes. Another method Ministers have used to present
government policies is through revival of Statements by Ministers. In recent
years, ministerial statements had fallen into abeyance, much to the chagrin of
opposition members who consequently lost an opportunity to criticize or
question a government policy in the House while it was still an item of media
attention. The Secretary of State for External Affairs has used Minister's
Statements three separate times: the first was to explain the government's
plans to assist in famine relief in Africa. Others including Marcel Masse,
Minister of Communications and Michel Côté, Minister of Consumer and Corporate
Affairs, have revealed the government's intentions with respect to CBC cutbacks
and the use of metric and imperial standards of weights and measures,
Many of the Standing Committees of the House
have been busy with Supplementary Estimates and some of them are also engaged
in consideration of legislation on various matters. One special committee was
established to continue the work of a committee of the previous Parliament
charged with examining reforms to the House. In speaking to the motion on
November 29, Government House Leader, Ray Hnatyshyn, emphasized that the
mandate of the special committee, while certainly broad, was nonetheless
focused on the role of the Private Member. The leadoff speaker for the
Liberals, Jacques Guilbault, an Assistant Deputy Chairman of the Committees of
the Whole in the last Parliament, endorsed the motion to pursue reform which,
he noted, had been initiated in the Parliament of a Liberal administration. He
also complained that contrary to recent practice some standing committees
proposed to allow evidence to be received without requiring the presence of an
opposition member. This objection was supported by Ian Deans of the NDP and
some days later the proposed new practice was abandoned.
The motion was adopted on December 5 and the
Special Committee set to work immediately It presented its First Report barely
two weeks later. the day the House adjourned for Christmas. In substance, the
report revived the work done by its predecessor. It recommended changes to
provide for an election of the Speaker, for consideration of bills by ad hoc
legislative committees, the creation of a Chairmens Panel and broader representation
on the Board of Internal Economy. Notable by its absence was the earlier
Committee's suggestion of a new system of finance committees to study the
government's short and long term expenditure policies. Another feature which
distinguished the work of this committee from its predecessor is the request
for a comprehensive response from the government within 120 days.
Charles Robert, Procedural Clerk , Table Research Branch, House of